Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure used to eliminate varicose veins and spider veins. Sclerotherapy involves an injection of a solution (generally a salt solution) directly into the vein. The solution irritates the lining of the blood vessel, causing it to collapse and stick together and the blood to clot. Over time, the vessel turns into scar tissue that fades from view.
Sclerotherapy is a proven procedure that has been in use since the 1930s.
Veins are blood vessels tasked to return the blood to the heart after it has already circulated throughout the body. Veins have valves that keep the blood running in one direction and towards the direction it’s meant to tread.
However, if these valves stop functioning, blood may flow towards the wrong direction and may even pool in the vein causing it to stretch and get swollen.
There are two types of vein-related issues: Spider veins and Varicose veins.
In most cases of sclerotherapy, the salt solution is injected through a very fine needle directly into the vein. At this point, you may experience mild discomfort and cramping for one to two minutes, especially when larger veins are injected. The procedure itself takes approximately 15 to 30 minutes.